Suspected poacher loses attempt to block extradition to US
Court Reporter Nation Media Group December 19th, 2020
A 60-year-old Kenyan believed to be a poaching kingpin and wildlife trafficker has lost an attempt to block the government from extraditing him to the US for a criminal trial.
Milimani chief magistrate Martha Mutuku said (December 18th, 2020) the application by the State to extradite Mr Mansur Mohamed Surur alias Mansour had merit as the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) had proved that the suspect was a fugitive.
Mr Mansour, who in court looked weak and frail, will be repatriated and surrendered to the US authorities after 15 days.
Court documents produced by the prosecution indicate that he is a dual citizen of Kenya and Yemen. He is wanted in the US for prosecution in relation to at least five criminal offences involving illegal trade in ivory and money laundering.
The crimes involve the illegal poaching of more than 35 rhinos and over 100 elephants, both protected wildlife species, valued at more than Sh700 million.
The US government issued a warrant for his arrest following his indictment by a court in New York for conspiracy to commit wildlife trafficking, money laundering and distribute and possess narcotic drugs. He is accused of conspiring to sell 10 tonnes of elephant ivory and more than 190 kilogrammes of rhinoceros horn across a seven-year period, beginning December 2012 to May 2019.
The wildlife parts were from various countries in East Africa, including Uganda, DR Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Mozambique, Senegal and Tanzania.
On August 8, 2019, the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) forwarded to Kenya’s Directorate of Criminal Investigations a red notice indicating that Mr Mansuor and his colleague Mr Badru Abdul Aziz Saleh were wanted in the US for the crimes.
Mr Mansuor was arrested on July 29 at the Moi International Airport, Mombasa, upon arrival from Yemen on a chartered flight. He was among 47 Kenyans stranded in Yemen who were returning home on a chartered Skyward Express flight.
According to the court documents, Mr Mansour escaped from Kenya in July 2019, as the government processed the extradition of his colleague Mr Saleh, to the United States.
Kenyan Ivory Trafficker Mansur Mohamed Surur Fights Extradition
SeeJ-AFRICA: Background articles on arguably the most significant ivory and rhino horn cartel operating on continental Africa for the past decade:
Mansur Mohamed Surur‘s frail look and subsequent exclamation before a magistrate would invoke anyone’s mercy that he was not the man who swiftly beat the police and escaped to an Arab country.
Maybe age humbled him — he is now 60 years — or maybe the gift of a small frame, wrinkled chin and haggard eyes in glasses all make him look exhausted.
But it is this man that the State fears would make a second escape in the event he is released on bail. He beat them once, and now they are twice shy to let him roam freely. Surur is the most wanted Kenyan in the US for smuggling elephant tusks and rhino horns.
Just before a 36-minute hearing yesterday, Surur stood on the left corner of the dock, undeterred and mismatching the profile of the man whom the State says is a high profile poacher who must be flown where he is wanted most, the US, to face justice.
He clasped his hands and gazed at the white ceiling as if seeking intervention while occasionally returning gazes with a clasp on his forehead, in deep thought.
He had been enjoying temporary freedom after Jomo Kenyatta International Airport Magistrates Court released him on bail. The Director of Public Prosecutions Noordin Haji yesterday told Milimani Court Magistrate Martha Mutuku that the ground had shifted as Surur now knows why he is wanted by the US Government.
According to the DPP, the father of one knows he will be facing five charges before a New York court. The first relates to a conspiracy to commit wildlife trafficking, the second is on wildlife tracking and which is similar to the third one. The fourth is on money laundering while the fifth is on conspiracy to distribute and process controlled substance.
Haji told the court that Surur may decide to vanish like his co-conspirator Abdul Aziz Saleh alias Badro, who went off the radar after learning that the long hand of law had finally caught up with Surur.
Badro had also been released by the JKIA court but has since ran away. The police are still hunting him.
“He left after his co-conspirator had been arrested, presented in court and later released pending receiving the extradition request from USA. Badru is at large since June 2019,” the DPP argued.
Surur may have been camera shy or he did not just want to have his photo taken. He hid his face behind an A5-evelope and when this did not work, he extended the shield using a folded white paper he pulled from the envelope. Maybe this paper contained his side of the story that he wanted the court to hear. Before the hearing, his lawyer, in a chitchat with the prosecutors, claimed he wanted to be tried in Kenya instead.
“Wananionea, mimi sijafanya kitu (They are implicating me, I am innocent),” he exclaimed.
Surur is said to have escaped Kenya in 2019 through South Sudan. It is still a mystery how he beat the system, but the prosecution said they routed his escape to Yemen through South Sudan.
On July 28, 2019 some days before Interpol raised a red alert on him, Surur took to the Northwest of Kenyan knowing that if he set foot on South Sudan’s soil, neither Kenya nor USA would pursue him. Unsure of what the Salva Kirr-led country would give him, he shuttled to Sudan three days later. He then set off 1,997 kilometres from Sudan to Yemen.
He had found a safe haven in Yemen, a country beset by violence and whose authorities may be more bothered about how to battle a Saudi-led Arab coalition than hunt one man wanted by the West. Yemen has no extradition treaty with Kenya and USA.
In the US, Surur is said to have been running a wildlife trophies smuggling syndicate involving Badru, Moazu Kromah, Amara Cherif and Abdi Hussein Ahmed, responsible for the poaching of approximately 35 rhinos and more than 100 elephants [Ed. note – should be 1000 elephants] for close to a billion shillings in sales for more than a decade.